Prior research has consistently observed that mindfulness facilitates emotion regulation. However, this research mainly examined explicit, self-reported emotion.
Does mindfulness also facilitate regulation of implicit emotional responses?
To address this question, the authors induced sadness among a group of healthy volunteers (N = 72), after which participants performed a mindfulness, distraction, or rumination exercise.
Implicit mood changes were assessed with the Implicit Positive and Negative Affect Test and
explicit mood changes were assessed with the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule.
- Participants’ implicit and explicit negative mood improved in the mindfulness and distraction groups, but not in the rumination group.
- The mindfulness group displayed greater congruence between implicit and explicit mood than the other groups.
- Trait mindfulness was associated with lower implicit—but not explicit—negative mood across the whole sample both before and after the strategy induction but did not moderate the effects of the strategy induction on mood improvement.
These findings indicate that mindfulness can facilitate emotion regulation on both implicit and explicit levels.
Sur les notions de régulation implicite et explicite des émotions :
People can regulate their emotions on a nonconscious or implicit level.
•Implicit processes allow people to decide whether or not to engage in emotion regulation.
•Implicit processes help people to select suitable emotion regulation strategies.
•Implicit processes help people to enact emotion regulation strategies.
•Implicit emotion regulation contributes to health and well-being.
Sander L Koole, Thomas L Webb, Paschal L Sheeran, Implicit emotion regulation: feeling better without knowing why, Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 3, June 2015, Pages 6-10
Explicit and Implicit Emotion Regulation: A Dual-Process Framework : Gyurak, A., Gross, J. J., & Etkin, A. (2011). Explicit and Implicit Emotion Regulation: A Dual-Process Framework. Cognition & Emotion, 25(3), 400–412. http://doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2010.544160